- Observe trail signs.
- Plan your route – choose trails appropriate to your ability and fitness.
- Descending skiers have the right-of-way.
- Pass oncoming people to the right.
- Don’t obstruct the trail. If you fall, move off the trail quickly and step off the trail during breaks.
- Don’t walk on the trails without skis or snowshoes – footprints ruin the groomed trails.
- Care for your feet. Avoid blisters and cold feet – wear well-fitting, waterproof boots. Avoid too many layers of socks, which can impede circulation.
- Watch the weather. Temperatures drop quickly after sunset. Be aware of the wind chill factor.
- Dress for winter. Wear layers that can be added or removed –a base layer to wick moisture from your body; a warm middle layer; and an outer layer that is wind and water resistant.
- Carry a daypack. Include a space blanket, first aid kit, matches, pocketknife, whistle, map, extra clothing, and water.
- Stay hydrated.
- Know where you’re going. Study the map and determine a route. Landmarks can be deceiving. If you get lost, stay on the trail, if possible, or follow a stream downhill to a road. After dark, seek shelter and stay put.
- Avoid skiing alone.